alexa Role of CD28 in polyclonal and specific T and B cell responses required for protection against blood stage malaria.
Immunology

Immunology

Journal of Cytokine Biology

Author(s): Elias RM, Sardinha LR, Bastos KR, Zago CA, da Silva AP,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The role of B7/CD28 costimulatory pathway in the polyclonal and specific lymphocyte activation induced by blood stages of Plasmodium chabaudi AS was investigated in CD28 gene knockout (CD28(-/-)) and C57BL/6 (CD28(+/+)) mice. Analysis of the spleen during the acute infection revealed a similar increase in T and B cell populations in both groups of mice. Moreover, CD28(-/-) mice were able to develop a polyclonal IgM response to P. chabaudi. On the contrary, the polyclonal IgG2a response was markedly reduced in the absence of CD28. Production of IFN-gamma; up-regulation of CD69, CD40L, CD95 (Fas), and CD95L (Fas ligand); and induction of apoptosis were also affected by the lack of CD28. Interestingly, the ability to control the first parasitemia peak was not compromised in acutely infected CD28(-/-) mice, but CD28(-/-) mice failed to eradicate the parasites that persisted in the blood for >3 mo after infection. In addition, drug-cured CD28(-/-) mice were unable to generate memory T cells, develop an anamnesic IgG response, or eliminate the parasites from a secondary challenge. The incapacity of CD28(-/-) mice to acquire a full protective immunity to P. chabaudi correlated with an impaired production of specific IgG2a. Moreover, reinfected CD28(-/-) mice were protected by the adoptive transfer of serum from reinfected CD28(+/+) mice containing specific IgG2a. Our results demonstrate that the polyclonal lymphocyte response is only partially affected by the absence of CD28, but this coreceptor is essential to generate specific T and B cell responses required for complete protection against P. chabaudi malaria.
This article was published in J Immunol and referenced in Journal of Cytokine Biology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords