Author(s): Friday E, Oliver R rd, Welbourne T, Turturro F
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Abstract PURPOSE: We previously showed that troglitazone (TRO) induces a profound cellular acidosis in MCF-7 cells as a result of inhibiting Na(+)/H(+) exchanger (NHE)1-mediated acid extrusion and this was associated with a marked reduction in cellular proliferation. The present study focuses on TRO-activated signaling pathways versus TRO-mediated NHE1-inhibition in reducing DNA synthesis. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: TRO activation of the signaling pathway involving epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)/MAPK/ERK kinase (MEK) 1/2/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) 1/2 was studied by Western blotting and phospho-specific antibodies. TRO induction of cellular acidosis and inhibition of NHE1 activity were measured using (2, 7)-biscarboxyethyl-5 (6)-carboxyfluorescein (BCECF) assay and NH4(+)/NH(3) pulsing. Cellular proliferation was assessed as DNA synthesis by (3)H-thymidine incorporation. RESULTS: TRO simultaneously reduces pH(i) and elevates phosphorylated-extracellular signal-regulated kinase (p-ERK). These responses reflected inhibition of acid extrusion and EGFR activation respectively and were sustained over 18h associated with a large decrease in DNA synthesis. Preventing TRO-induced ERK activation did not restore DNA synthesis or cellular pH. CONCLUSIONS: TRO activates two parallel pathways: I] EGFR/MEK1/2/ERK1/2 and II] NHE1 inhibition/cellular acidosis. Elimination of I] did not prevent the inhibition of DNA synthesis consistent with TRO-induced growth arrest dependent upon II] in tumorigenic non-metastatic breast cancer derived MCF-7 cells.
This article was published in Cell Physiol Biochem
and referenced in Journal of Cytology & Histology