Author(s): Bresolin TM, Milas M, Rinaudo M, Reicher F, Ganter JL
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Abstract The influence of the galactomannan characteristic ratios (M/G) on the temperature of gelation (Tg) and the gel strength of mixtures of galactomannan with xanthan is reported. Two galactomannans were investigated: one highly substituted from the seeds of Mimosa scabrella (M/G = 11), and the other, less substituted, from the endosperm of Schizolobium parahybae, with (M/G = 30) [Ganter JLMS, Zawadzki-Baggio SF, Leitner SC, Sierakowski MR, Reicher F. J Carbohydr Chem 1993;12:753]. The xanthan:galactomannan systems (4:2 g l(-1), in 5 mM NaCl) showed a temperature of gel formation (Tg) of 24 degrees C for that of S. parahybae [Bresolin TMB, Milas M, Rinaudo M and Ganter JLMS. Int J Biol Macromol 1998;23:263] and 20 degrees C for the galactomannan of M. scabrella, determined by viscoelastic measurements and microcalorimetry. A Tg of 40-50 degrees C was found by Shatwell et al. [Shatwell KP, Sutherland IW, Ross-Murphy SB, Dea ICM. Carbohydr Polym 1991;14:29] for locust bean gum-LBG (M/G = 43). Lundin and Hermansson [Lundin L, Hermansson AM. Carbohydr Polym 1995;26:129] reported a difference of 13 degrees C for Tg of two LBG samples with M/G = 3 (40 degrees C) and 5 (53 degrees C), in mixtures with xanthan. It appears that the more substituted galactomannans have lower temperatures of gelation in the presence of xanthan. The mechanism of gelation depends also on the M/G ratio. For the lower values it involves only disordered xanthan chains in contrast to M/G ratios higher than 3. In addition, the presence of the galactomannan from M. scabrella increased slightly the temperature of the conformational change (Tm) of xanthan probably due to the ionic strength contribution of proteins (3.9\%) present in the galactomannan. On the other hand, the galactomannans from S. parahybae, with 1.5\% of proteins and M. scabrella, with 2.4\% of protein, did not show this effect, the Tm of xanthan alone or in a mixture being practically unchanged.
This article was published in Int J Biol Macromol
and referenced in Journal of Analytical & Bioanalytical Techniques