alexa Role of glutamate in the rostral ventrolateral medulla in acupuncture-related modulation of visceral reflex sympathoexcitation
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Author(s): Zhou W, Fu LW, Guo ZL, Longhurst JC

Abstract Share this page

Visceral sympathoexcitatory reflexes induced by stimulation of the gallbladder with bradykinin (BK) are attenuated by electroacupuncture (EA) at Neiguan-Jianshi (P5-6) acupoints located over the median nerve. Previous studies have shown that neurons in the rostral ventrolateral medulla (rVLM) receive convergent input from visceral organs and somatic nerves (activated by EA). Glutamate (Glu), an important excitatory neurotransmitter in the rVLM, processes visceral sympathoexcitatory cardiovascular reflexes. In the present study, we determined the relation between EA-mediated opioidergic modulation of visceral cardiovascular responses and Glu. Reflex cardiovascular responses were evoked by application of BK to the gallbladder before and after EA in anesthetized cats. Glu concentrations ([Glu]) were measured by HPLC from samples collected by microdialysis probe(s) inserted unilaterally or bilaterally into the rVLM. BK-induced reflex responses and [Glu] were attenuated by 45% and 70%, respectively, after 30 min of EA (n = 6). EA alone did not change [Glu] in the rVLM (n = 6, P > 0.05). However, microdialysis of naloxone (100 mM) into the rVLM reversed EA-related inhibition of blood pressure and [Glu] (n = 5). Immunohistochemical visualization showed that delta-opioid receptors colocalized with, and were in close apposition to, vesicular Glu transporter 3- and c-Fos-double-labeled perikarya and processes of rVLM neurons after gallbladder stimulation with BK. These data suggest that EA attenuates BK-induced visceral sympathoexcitatory reflexes through opioid-mediated inhibition of Glu's action in the rVLM.

This article was published in Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords