alexa Role of hypoxia inducible factor-1 alpha in modulation of apoptosis resistance.
Pediatrics

Pediatrics

Pediatrics & Therapeutics

Author(s): Kilic M, Kasperczyk H, Fulda S, Debatin KM

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Hypoxia inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) is the major transcription factor and key regulator of adoptive responses to hypoxia. Although it usually promotes tumor cell survival under hypoxia, it has also been implied to trigger apoptosis. Although the impact of hypoxia has been extensively studied in many adult solid tumors, its role in most childhood tumors, for example, in rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) or Ewing sarcoma (ES), has not yet been addressed. Here, we report that hypoxia protects A204 RMS and A673 ES cells against anticancer drug- or tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand-induced apoptosis and that Hif-1alpha plays a key role in conferring apoptosis resistance under hypoxia. Although a functional HIF-1 pathway and proapoptotic proteins such as p53 and Bcl-2/E1B 19 kDa interacting protein 3 were activated under hypoxia in both A204 RMS and A673 ES cells, these cells remained refractory to apoptosis. Concomitant analysis of antiapoptotic proteins revealed that hypoxia induced expression of Bcl-2 and inhibitor of apoptosis proteins (IAP)-2 as well as proteins associated with anaerobic metabolism such as the glucose transporter protein GLUT-1 and the glycolytic enzyme Aldolase A. Specific downregulation of Hif-1alpha by RNA interference significantly enhanced apoptosis under hypoxia by preventing the hypoxia-mediated increase in GLUT-1 expression without altering expression levels of the antiapoptotic proteins Bcl-2 or cIAP-2. Moreover, glucose deprivation-induced apoptosis of A204 RMS and A673 ES cells was inhibited under hypoxic conditions in a Hif-1alpha-dependent manner. As GLUT-1 was induced via Hif-1alpha under hypoxia in A204 RMS and A673 ES, these findings suggest that the Hif-1alpha-mediated increase in glucose uptake plays an important role in conferring apoptosis resistance. Thus, hypoxia-inducible genes may represent novel targets for therapeutic intervention in some pediatric tumors, which warrants further investigation. This article was published in Oncogene and referenced in Pediatrics & Therapeutics

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords