Author(s): Tarumi T, Shirahase H, Kanda M, Nakamura S, Kurahashi K, Tarumi T, Shirahase H, Kanda M, Nakamura S, Kurahashi K
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Abstract We examined whether Ca(2+) mobilizers induce endothelium-dependent contraction and relaxation (EDC and EDR) in isolated rabbit intrapulmonary arteries. Ionomycin (10(-7) M) and A-23187 (10(-7) M), both Ca(2+) ionophores, and thapsigargin (10(-6) M), an endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase inhibitor, caused a contraction in the non-contracted preparations, and a transient relaxation followed by a transient contraction and sustained relaxation in the precontracted preparations. Endothelium-removal abolished the contraction and transient relaxation (EDC and EDR) but not sustained relaxation (endothelium-independent relaxation, EIR). In the noncontracted preparations, ionomycin-induced EDC was significantly attenuated by quinacrine (10(-5) M), manoalide (10(-6) M), both phospholipase A(2) inhibitors, indomethacin (10(-5) M) and aspirin (10(-4) M), both COX inhibitors, and ozagrel (10(-5) M), a TXA(2) synthetase inhibitor. In the precontracted arteries, EDR was markedly reduced by L-NAME (10(-4) M), a NOS inhibitor, and methylene blue (10(-6) M), a guanylate cyclase inhibitor, and was enhanced by indomethacin, aspirin and ozagrel, probably due to inhibition of EDC. ZM230487, a 5-lipoxygenase inhibitor, had no effect on EDR. EIR was not affected by L-NAME, indomethacin or ZM230487. Arachidonic acid (10(-6) M) evoked EDC sensitive to indomethacin and ozagrel. L-Arginine (10(-3) M) caused EDR sensitive to L-NAME in the ionomycin-stimulated preparations. In conclusion, Ca(2+) mobilizers cause EDC and EDR via production of TXA(2) and NO, respectively.
This article was published in Life Sci
and referenced in Transcriptomics: Open Access