Author(s): Trivedi PP, Jena GB
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Abstract Ulcerative colitis affects many people worldwide. Inflammation and oxidative stress play a vital role in its pathogenesis. Previously, we reported that ulcerative colitis leads to systemic genotoxicity in mice. The present study was aimed at elucidating the role of α-lipoic acid in ulcerative colitis-associated local and systemic damage in mice. Experimental colitis was induced using 3\%w/v dextran sulfate sodium in drinking water for 2 cycles. α-Lipoic acid was administered in a co-treatment (20, 40, 80 mg/kg bw) and post-treatment (80 mg/kg bw) schedule. Various biochemical parameters, histological evaluation, comet and micronucleus assays, immunohistochemistry and western blot analysis were employed to evaluate the effect of α-lipoic acid in mice with ulcerative colitis. The protective effect of α-lipoic acid was mediated through the modulation of nuclear factor kappa B, cyclooxygenase-2, interleukin 17, signal transducer and activator of transcription 3, nuclear erythroid 2-related factor 2, NADPH: quinone oxidoreductase-1, matrix metalloproteinase-9 and connective tissue growth factor. Further, ulcerative colitis led to an increased gut permeability, plasma lipopolysaccharide level, systemic inflammation and genotoxicity in mice, which was reduced with α-lipoic acid treatment. The present study identifies the underlying mechanisms involved in α-lipoic acid-mediated protection against ulcerative colitis and the associated systemic damage in mice. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Food Chem Toxicol
and referenced in Journal of Chromatography & Separation Techniques