Author(s): Usatyuk PV, Natarajan V
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Abstract In vivo and in vitro studies indicate that 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (4-HNE), generated by cellular lipid peroxidation or after oxidative stress, affects endothelial permeability and vascular tone. However, the mechanism(s) of 4-HNE-induced endothelial barrier function is not well defined. Here we provide evidence for the first time on the involvement of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) in 4-HNE-mediated actin stress fiber formation and barrier function in lung endothelial cells. Treatment of bovine lung microvascular endothelial cells with hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)), as a model oxidant, resulted in accumulation of 4-HNE as evidenced by the formation of 4-HNE-Michael protein adducts. Exposure of cells to 4-HNE, in a dose- and time-dependent manner, decreased endothelial cell permeability measured as transendothelial electrical resistance. The 4-HNE-induced permeability changes were not because of cytotoxicity or endothelial cell apoptosis, which occurred after prolonged treatment and at higher concentrations of 4-HNE. 4-HNE-induced changes in transendothelial electrical resistance were calcium independent, as 4-HNE did not alter intracellular free calcium levels as compared with H(2)O(2) or diperoxovanadate. Stimulation of quiescent cells with 4-HNE (1-100 microm) resulted in phosphorylation of ERK1/2, JNK, and p38 MAPKs, and actin cytoskeleton remodeling. Furthermore, pretreatment of bovine lung microvascular endothelial cells with PD 98059 (25 microm), an inhibitor of MEK1/2, or SP 600125 (25 microm), an inhibitor of JNK, or SB 202190 (25 microm), an inhibitor of p38 MAPK, partially attenuated 4-HNE-mediated barrier function and cytoskeletal remodeling. These results suggest that the activation of ERK, JNK, and p38 MAP kinases is involved in 4-HNE-mediated actin remodeling and endothelial barrier function.
This article was published in J Biol Chem
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology