alexa Role of monocytes in cryoglobulinemia-associated nephritis.


Journal of Nephrology & Therapeutics

Author(s): Roccatello D, Isidoro C, Mazzucco G, Mesiti A, Quattrocchio G,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Several monocyte-macrophage functions were found to be defective in cryoglobulinemic patients. Nevertheless, monocytes actively phagocytizing cryoglobulins have been frequently found in kidney specimens from these patients. Whether subsequent degradation of the ingested immune material is effective, however, is still unknown. Monocytes from eight cryoglobulinemic patients (4 with active disease and associated nephritis and 4 inactive cases without nephritis) and eight normal controls of same sex and similar age were analyzed. Monocytes from patients with active cryoglobulinemia and associated nephritis were found to be able to ingest, but unable to catabolize, cryoglobulins, as shown by electron microscopy using gold-labeled goat IgG to human IgG and IgM in 18-hour cultured suspensions. Synthesis and maturation of monocyte cathepsin D, one of the most important lysosomal proteases, were analyzed in the same subjects. Purified monocytes were cultured in presence or absence of cryoglobulins for 18 hours at 37 degrees C in RPMI medium and labeled with 35S-methionine. The various forms of cathepsin D were separated by electrophoresis and visualized by fluorography. Results from cultures of monocytes from clinically active cryoglobulinemic patients with nephritis suggest that intracellular transport of newly synthesized cathepsin D was impaired and the release into the medium of precursor polypeptides of the enzyme enhanced in each experimental condition. Since procathepsin D is susceptible to activation in pathologic conditions lowering local pH (such as in inflamed tissues), these data suggest that monocytes from patients with active cryoglobulinemia and associated nephritis have a propensity to exert phlogistic effects via secretion of procathepsin D in tissues.
This article was published in Kidney Int and referenced in Journal of Nephrology & Therapeutics

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 15th International Conference on Nephrology & Therapeutics
    August 28-30, 2017 Philadelphia, USA
  • 16th European Nephrology Conference
    October 02-04, 2017 Barcelona, Spain
  • 16th European Nephrology Conference
    October 02-04, 2017 Barcelona, Spain
  • World Nephrology Congress
    Osaka, Japan Oct 09-11, 2017
  • 13th World Nephrology Conference
    October 18-19, 2017 Dubai,UAE
  • 16th International Conference on Nephrology
    NOVEMBER 02-03, 2017 Atlanta, USA

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version