alexa Role of NADPH oxidase in the mechanism of lung neutrophil sequestration and microvessel injury induced by Gram-negative sepsis: studies in p47phox- - and gp91phox- - mice.
Immunology

Immunology

Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Author(s): Gao XP, Standiford TJ, Rahman A, Newstead M, Holland SM,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract We addressed the role of O(2) generated by the NADPH oxidase complex in the mechanism of polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN) accumulation and transalveolar migration and lung microvascular injury. Studies were made in mice lacking the p47(phox) and gp91(phox) subunits of NADPH oxidase (p47(phox-/-) and gp91(phox-/-)) in which PMN are incapable of the respiratory burst. The mice were challenged i.p. with live Escherichia coli to induce sepsis. We observed time-dependent increases in PMN sequestration and migration from 1 to 6 h after challenge with 2 x 10(8) E. coli. The responses in knockout mice were greater post-E. coli challenge compared with control mice; i.e., transalveolar PMN migration post-E. coli challenge increased by approximately 50\% in the null mice above values in wild type. The increased PMN infiltration was associated with decreased lung bacterial clearance. The generation of the chemoattractant macrophage-inflammatory protein-2 in lung tissue was greater in NADPH oxidase-defective mice after E. coli challenge than control mice; moreover, macrophage-inflammatory protein-2 Ab pretreatment prevented the PMN infiltration. We also observed that E. coli failed to increase lung microvascular permeability in p47(phox-/-) and gp91(phox-/-) mice despite the greater lung PMN sequestration. Thus, O(2) production is required for the induction of sepsis-induced lung microvascular injury. We conclude that NADPH oxidase-derived O(2) generation has an important bactericidal role, such that an impairment in bacterial clearance in NADPH oxidase-defective mice results in increased chemokine generation and lung tissue PMN infiltration.
This article was published in J Immunol and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords