alexa Role of NOS2 in pulmonary injury and repair in response to bleomycin.
Biochemistry

Biochemistry

Clinical & Medical Biochemistry

Author(s): Guo C, AtochinaVasserman E, Abramova H, George B, Manoj V, , Guo C, AtochinaVasserman E, Abramova H, George B, Manoj V,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Nitric oxide (NO) is derived from multiple isoforms of the Nitric Oxide Synthases (NOSs) within the lung for a variety of functions; however, NOS2-derived nitrogen oxides seem to play an important role in inflammatory regulation. In this study, we investigate the role of NOS2 in pulmonary inflammation/fibrosis in response to intratracheal bleomycin instillation (ITB) and to determine if these effects are related to macrophage phenotype. Systemic NOS2 inhibition was achieved by administration of 1400W, a specific and potent NOS2 inhibitor, via osmotic pump starting six days prior to ITB. 1400W administration attenuated lung inflammation, decreased chemotactic activity of the broncheoalveolar lavage (BAL), and reduced BAL cell count and nitrogen oxide production. S-nitrosylated SP-D (SNO-SP-D), which has a pro-inflammatory function, was formed in response to ITB; but this formation, as well as structural disruption of SP-D, was inhibited by 1400W. mRNA levels of IL-1β, CCL2 and Ptgs2 were decreased by 1400W treatment. In contrast, expression of genes associated with alternate macrophage activation and fibrosis Fizz1, TGF-β and Ym-1 was not changed by 1400W. Similar to the effects of 1400W, NOS2-/- mice displayed an attenuated inflammatory response to ITB (day 3 and day 8 post-instillation). The DNA-binding activity of NF-κB was attenuated in NOS2-/- mice; in addition, expression of alternate activation genes (Fizz1, Ym-1, Gal3, Arg1) was increased. This shift towards an increase in alternate activation was confirmed by western blot for Fizz-1 and Gal-3 that show persistent up-regulation 15 days after ITB. In contrast arginase, which is increased in expression at 8 days post ITB in NOS2-/-, resolves by day 15. These data suggest that NOS2, while critical to the development of the acute inflammatory response to injury, is also necessary to control the late phase response to ITB. Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier Inc.
This article was published in Free Radic Biol Med and referenced in Clinical & Medical Biochemistry

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 2nd International Conference on Biochemistry
    Sep 21-22, 2017 Macau, Hong Kong
  • 7th International Conference on Predictive, Preventive and Personalized Medicine & Molecular Diagnostics
    Oct 23-25, 2017 Chicago, USA
  • International Conference on Biotech Pharmaceuticals
    October 23-25, 2017 Paris, France

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords