Author(s): Sampson SR, Lupowitz Z, Braiman L, Zisapel N
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Abstract Melatonin induces nuclear exclusion of the androgen receptor (AR) via activation of protein kinase C (PKC). The specific members of the PKC superfamily involved in AR nuclear exclusion were investigated in prostate cancer PC3 cells stably transfected with the wild-type androgen receptor (PC3-AR). PKCalpha was essentially cytoplasmic whereas PKCbeta and PKCepsilon were essentially membranal, suggesting their constitutive activity in the PC3-AR cells. Melatonin treatment induced membrane association of PKCalpha in a time and dose dependent manner. The PKCalpha and PKCbeta1 specific inhibitor GO6976 and the PKCbeta isoform-specific inhibitor hispidin had no effects on AR localization under basal conditions. However, GO6976 but not hispidin negated the melatonin-mediated nuclear exclusion of the AR. These data indicate that PKCalpha activation is a critical step in AR nuclear exclusion by melatonin. They also imply that PKCalpha-activation is a potentially effective way to control of the AR activity in prostate cancer cells.
This article was published in Mol Cell Endocrinol
and referenced in Journal of Carcinogenesis & Mutagenesis