Author(s): Zarnani AH, Modarres Sh, Jadali F, Sabahi F, Moazzeni SM, , Zarnani AH, Modarres Sh, Jadali F, Sabahi F, Moazzeni SM,
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Abstract BACKGROUND: Rotavirus illness is associated with significant cause of morbidity and is a common cause of hospitalization worldwide. OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to assess the role of rotaviruses in children presenting with acute diarrhea in two main Children's Medical Centers and one general hospital in Tehran. STUDY DESIGN: Stool specimens from 704 children less than 5 years of age suffering from diarrhea were tested for the presence of rotaviruses by a monoclonal antibody-based enzyme immunoassay. A total of 176 fecal specimens collected from healthy children in similar age group were studied as controls. RESULTS: Rotavirus antigen was detected in 15.3\% of patients. Infants between 6 and 12 months of age were most frequently affected. Rotavirus infection was significantly less frequent in breast-fed than among bottle-fed babies. Watery diarrhea was present in 68.5\% of children. Detection rate was highest in the spring and lowest in summer. Rotavirus can be regarded as a major etiologic agent of acute diarrhea in infants and children up to 5-years-old in Iran, immunization at birth may protect the children before their first symptomatic infection.
This article was published in J Clin Virol
and referenced in Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research