Author(s): Saenko EL, Yakhyaev AV, Mikhailenko I, Strickland DK, Sarafanov AG
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Abstract In the present study, we found that catabolism of coagulation factor VIII (fVIII) is mediated by the low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein (LPR), a liver multiligand endocytic receptor. In a solid phase assay, fVIII was shown to bind to LRP (K(d) 116 nM). The specificity was confirmed by a complete inhibition of fVIII/LRP binding by 39-kDa receptor-associated protein (RAP), an antagonist of all LRP ligands. The region of fVIII involved in its binding to LRP was localized within the A2 domain residues 484-509, based on the ability of the isolated A2 domain and the synthetic A2 domain peptide 484-509 to prevent fVIII interaction with LRP. Since vWf did not inhibit fVIII binding to LRP, we proposed that LRP receptor may internalize fVIII from its complex with vWf. Consistent with this hypothesis, mouse embryonic fibroblasts that express LRP, but not fibroblasts genetically deficient in LRP, were able to catabolize (125)I-fVIII complexed with vWf, which was not internalized by the cells. These processes could be inhibited by RAP and A2 subunit of fVIII, indicating that cellular internalization and degradation were mediated by interaction of the A2 domain of fVIII with LRP. In vivo studies of (125)I-fVIII.vWf complex clearance in mice demonstrated that RAP completely inhibited the fast phase of the biphasic (125)I-fVIII clearance that is responsible for removal of 60\% of fVIII from circulation. Inhibition of the RAP-sensitive phase prolonged the half-life of (125)I-fVIII in circulation by 3.3-fold, indicating that LRP receptor plays an important role in fVIII clearance.
This article was published in J Biol Chem
and referenced in Journal of Blood Disorders & Transfusion