Author(s): Sderhll K, Cerenius L
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Abstract The melanization reaction, which is a common response to parasite entry in invertebrate animals, especially arthropods, is due to the activity of an oxidoreductase, phenoloxidase. This enzyme is part of a complex system of proteinases, pattern recognition proteins and proteinase inhibitors constituting the so-called prophenoloxidase-activating system. It is proposed to be a non-self recognition system because conversion of prophenoloxidase to active enzyme can be brought about by minuscule amounts of molecules such as lipopolysaccharide, peptidoglycan and beta-1, 3-glucans from micro-organisms. Several components of this system recently have been isolated and their structure determined.
This article was published in Curr Opin Immunol
and referenced in Journal of Proteomics & Bioinformatics