alexa Roles of enterobacteria, nitric oxide and neutrophil in pathogenesis of indomethacin-induced small intestinal lesions in rats.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta

Author(s): Konaka A, Kato S, Tanaka A, Kunikata T, Korolkiewicz R,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Roles of enterobacteria, nitric oxide (NO) and neutrophil in indomethacin-induced small intestinal lesions were examined in rats. Indomethacin (10 mg kg-1), administered s.c. as a single injection, caused haemorrhagic lesions in the small intestine, mostly in the jejunum and ileum. The lesions were first observed 6 h after administration of indomethacin, the severity increasing progressively with time up to 24 h later. Following indomethacin, the enterobacterial numbers, inducible NO synthase (iNOS) activity and NO production in the intestinal mucosa were also increased with time, and changes in the former preceded those in the latter two as well as the occurrence of intestinal damage. Treatment of the animals with both NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) and aminoguanidine prevented intestinal lesions induced by indomethacin, with suppression of NO production. Both dexamethasone and FR167653 (an inhibitor of interleukin-1 beta/tumour necrosis factor-alpha production) also reduced the severity of intestinal lesions as well as the increase in iNOS activity following administration of indomethacin. Likewise, the occurrence of intestinal lesions was attenuated by pretreatment of the animals with anti-neutrophil serum (ANS). None of these treatments, however, affect the translocation of enterobacteria in the mucosa. By contrast, ampicillin (an anti-bacterial agent) suppressed the increase in mucosal iNOS activity as well as the enterobacterial numbers invaded in the mucosa and inhibited the occurrence of intestinal lesions after administration of indomethacin. These results strongly suggest that enterobacterial translocation in the mucosa is the first step required for activation of various factors such as iNOS/NO and neutrophils, all involved in the pathogenesis of indomethacin-induced intestinal lesions. This article was published in Pharmacol Res and referenced in Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords