alexa Roles of kappa-opioid receptor agonists in learning and memory impairment in animal models.


Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

Author(s): Hiramatsu M, Kameyama T

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The role of kappa-opioid receptor agonists on learning and memory is controversial. In this review, the effects of dynorphin A (1-13) and U-50,488H on learning and memory impairments in mice and rats are summarized. Muscarinic cholinergic antagonists and a nicotinic cholinergic antagonist significantly impaired learning and memory in various behavioral tests. Administration of dynorphin A (1-13) or U-50,488H reversed the impairment of learning and memory. U-50,488H completely blocked the decrease in acetylcholine release induced by mecamylamine, while it only partially blocked the increase of acetylcholine induced by scopolamine. The antagonistic effect of U-50,488H was abolished by pretreatment with nor-binaltorphimine, a selective kappa-opioid receptor antagonist. Dynorphin A (1-13) and U-50,488H did not affect the impairment of learning and memory induced by the blockade of NMDA-receptors by dizocilpine ((+)-MK-801. These results suggest that kappa-opioid receptor antagonist reverses the impairment of learning and memory induced by the blockade of cholinergic transmission and abolishes the decrease of acetylcholine release via the kappa-opioid receptor-mediated neuronal system.
This article was published in Methods Find Exp Clin Pharmacol and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version