Author(s): Chabot R, Antoun H, Kloepper JW, Beauchamp CJ
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Abstract Two strains of Rhizobium leguminosarum bv. phaseoli and three other plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) were examined for the potential of maize and lettuce root colonization. All of these strains were selected in vitro for their phosphate-solubilizing abilities. Maize and lettuce seeds were treated with derivatives of all strains marked with lux genes for bioluminescence and resistance to kanamycin and rifampin prior to planting in nonsterile Promix and natural soil. The introduced bacterial strains were quantified on roots by dilution plating on antibiotic media together with observation of bioluminescence. Rhizobia were superior colonizers compared with other tested bacteria; rhizobial root populations averaged log 4.1 CFU/g (fresh weight) on maize roots 4 weeks after seeding and log 3.7 CFU/g (fresh weight) on lettuce roots 5 weeks after seeding. The average populations of the recovered PGPR strains were log 3.5 and log 3.0 CFU/g (fresh weight) on maize and lettuce roots, respectively. One of the three PGPR was not recovered later than the first week after seeding in Promix. Bioluminescence also permitted visualization of in situ root colonization in rhizoboxes and demonstrated the efficiency of rhizobial strains to colonize and survive on maize and lettuce roots.
This article was published in Appl Environ Microbiol
and referenced in Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation