Author(s): Haahtela K, Wartiovaara T, Sundman V, Skujis J
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Abstract N(2) fixation by bacteria in associative symbiosis with washed roots of 13 Poaceae and 8 other noncultivated plant species in Finland was demonstrated by the acetylene reduction method. The roots most active in C(2)H(2) reduction were those of Agrostis stolonifera, Calamagrostis lanceolata, Elytrigia repens, and Phalaris arundinacea, which produced 538 to 1,510 nmol of C(2)H(4).g (dry weight). h when incubated at pO(2) 0.04 with sucrose (pH 6.5), and 70 to 269 nmol of C(2)H(4). g (dry weight).h without an added energy source and unbuffered. Azospirillum lipferum, Enterobacter agglomerans, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and a Pseudomonas sp. were the acetylene-reducing organisms isolated. The results demonstrate the presence of N(2)-fixing organisms in associative symbiosis with plant roots found in a northern climatic region in acidic soils ranging down to pH 4.0.
This article was published in Appl Environ Microbiol
and referenced in Journal of Agricultural Science and Food Research