Author(s): Stuart SA, Simpson TI, Alvord LA, Williams MD
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Abstract BACKGROUND: Whether intraoperative laparoscopic cholangiography should be routine is debatable. METHODS: We reviewed the cholangiography experience in 669 consecutive laparoscopic cholecystectomies. RESULTS: Mean age of the patients was 39 years, 78\% were female, and 29\% had acute cholecystitis. Cholecystectomy was completed laparoscopically in 606 (91\%). Laparoscopic cholangiography was completed in 562 (93\%) and 348 (62\%) were routine (no preoperative indication). The mean operating time in 1996 was 61 minutes. Out of the 348 routine cholangiograms, 17 demonstrated evidence of unsuspected choledocholithiasis. Five patients had choledocholithiasis documented by laparoscopic common bile duct exploration and/or endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. Two patients had normal postoperative cholangiopancreatography. One of 10 patients managed expectantly was readmitted postoperatively with obstructive jaundice. In 4 patients, routine cholangiography revealed unexpected anatomy, and in 2, this prevented misidentification and transection of the common bile duct. CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic cholangiography is safe, quick, detects unsuspected choledocholithiasis, and can prevent common bile duct transection. It should be routine.
This article was published in Am J Surg
and referenced in Gynecology & Obstetrics