Author(s): Choksy SA, Wilmink AB, Quick CR
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Abstract A study was undertaken to establish the true incidence of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (RAAA) in the Huntingdon districts. RAAAs in the Huntingdon district between 1986 and 1995 were studied retrospectively. Data were collected from hospital records and hospital and community autopsies. There was a total of 139 cases of RAAA; 119 were males and 20 females, giving a M:F ratio of 6:1. The incidence of RAAAs was 17.8/100,000 person years (py) in males and 3.0/100,000 py in females. Mean age at rupture was 75.5 years in men (95\% confidence intervals (CI) 74-78 years) and 80.2 in women (95\% CI 78.8-83 years). There was an age-specific increase in incidence after the age of 65 years in men and after 80 years in women, although 12.6\% of all RAAAs occurred in men under 65 years. In all, 100 patients were confirmed to have died of RAAA during the 10-year period. This represents 79\% of all ruptures discovered. Almost three-quarters of patients did not reach the operating theatre. Of the 61 patients operated on, 29 survived (48\%). The size of the aneurysm at rupture was recorded in 68 cases (49\%). The mean size was 8.14 cm (SD 2.0 cm). In five cases (7.4\%), rupture occurred in AAAs smaller than 6 cm. The overall mortality from RAAA in Huntingdon health district is approximately 80\% and three-quarters of all deaths occurred without an operation.
This article was published in Ann R Coll Surg Engl
and referenced in Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals