Author(s): Barger JF, Gallo CA, Tandon P, Liu H, Sullivan A,
Abstract Share this page
Abstract In chronic myelogenous leukemia, the constitutive activation of the BCR-ABL kinase transforms cells to an addicted state that requires glucose metabolism for survival. We investigated S6K1, a protein kinase that drives glycolysis in leukemia cells, as a target for counteracting glucose-dependent survival induced by BCR-ABL. BCR-ABL potently activated S6K1-dependent signaling and glycolysis. Although S6K1 knockdown or rapamycin treatment suppressed glycolysis in BCR-ABL-transformed cells, these treatments did not induce cell death. Instead, loss of S6K1 triggered compensatory activation of fatty-acid oxidation, a metabolic program that can support glucose-independent cell survival. Fatty-acid oxidation in response to S6K1 inactivation required the expression of the fatty-acid transporter carnitine palmitoyl transferase 1c, which was recently linked to rapamycin resistance in cancer. Finally, addition of an inhibitor of fatty-acid oxidation significantly enhanced cytotoxicity in response to S6K1 inactivation. These data indicate that S6K1 dictates the metabolic requirements mediating BCR-ABL survival and provide a rationale for combining targeted inhibitors of signal transduction, with strategies to interrupt oncogene-induced metabolism.
This article was published in Oncogene
and referenced in Journal of Alzheimers Disease & Parkinsonism