Author(s): Beran J
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Abstract BACKGROUND: High susceptibility to infections including the hepatitis B virus (HBV) causes increased morbidity and mortality in patients with end stage renal disease. HBV vaccination is recommended for all patients undergoing dialysis; however, antibody response is much lower than in healthy individuals. OBJECTIVE: This review discusses the clinical experience with HBV vaccine with a novel adjuvant system among dialysed patients. METHOD: A new adjuvanted HBV vaccine (Fendrix(), GlaxoSmithKline Biologicals, Rixensart, Belgium) contains as active substance 20 microg recombinant hepatitis B surface antigen produced in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and the novel adjuvant system composed of aluminum salt and 3-O-desacyl-4'-monophosphoryl lipid A (AS04). CONCLUSION: HBV-AS04 vaccine has a good safety profile with clinically acceptable reactions similar to standard HBV vaccines and has elicited earlier antibody response and higher antibody titres in pre and haemodialysis patients as compared with four double doses of standard HBV vaccine.
This article was published in Expert Opin Biol Ther
and referenced in Journal of Vaccines & Vaccination