Author(s): Nizam N, Basoglu OK, Tasbakan MS, Nalbantsoy A, Buduneli N
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Abstract BACKGROUND: A higher prevalence of periodontal disease has been reported in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS), and these two chronic conditions may be linked via inflammatory pathways. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the salivary interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, IL-21, IL-33, and pentraxin-3 (PTX3) concentrations in patients with and without OSAS. METHODS: A total of 52 patients were included in the study. Thirteen individuals were in the control (non-OSAS) group, 17 were in the mild/moderate OSAS group, and 22 were in the severe OSAS group. Clinical periodontal measurements were recorded, and saliva samples were obtained before initiation of periodontal intervention. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to determine salivary cytokine concentrations. Data were statistically analyzed using D'Agostino-Pearson omnibus normality, Spearman ρ rank, Kruskal-Wallis, and Dunn tests. RESULTS: Salivary IL-6 and IL-33 concentrations were similar in the two OSAS groups (P >0.05), which were statistically higher than the control group (P <0.05). IL-1β, IL-21, and PTX3 concentrations were similar in the study groups. The only significant correlation between clinical periodontal parameters and salivary cytokines was found between clinical attachment level (CAL) and IL-21 (P = 0.02). Highly significant correlations were found between probing depth, CAL measures, and indicators of OSAS severity (P <0.01). CONCLUSIONS: The present findings suggest that OSAS may have an increasing effect on salivary IL-6 and IL-33 concentrations regardless of OSAS severity. Additional investigation is required to elucidate a potential bidirectional relationship between OSAS and periodontal disease.
This article was published in J Periodontol
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology