Author(s): Guida M, Barbato M, Bruno P, Lauro G, Lampariello C
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Abstract The Authors report the data relative to the monitoring of menstrual cycle carried out by the observation of salivary ferning. They compared the usual physical and hormonal parameters of four groups of women with the aspect of the crystallisation of the saliva observed both by normal optical microscope and by a special type of pocket microscope which can be used by women themselves. In conclusion the Authors report a careful examination of the biochemical correlation relating the women's hormonal climate and its salivary constituents. PIP: In Naples, Italy, clinical researchers observed salivary ferning under the microscope in four groups of women and compared their observations with the usual physical and hormonal parameters of these women. They aimed to determine the scientific reliability of salivary ferning as a method to detect a woman's fertile period or eventual hormonal disorders. The groups included 10 unmarried women aged 18-30 years using natural family planning (NFP), 32 married women aged 22-40 years using NFP, 10 women aged 25-35 years submitted to ovulation induction by clomiphene citrate, and 4 unmarried women aged 22-30 years with menstrual disorders. The researchers compared salivary crystallization using a normal optical microscope and a special type of pocket microscope that the women themselves can use. The pocket microscope yielded an average accuracy of examination in 92\% of cases. The researchers hypothesized that estrogens, catecolestrogens, and opioid tone have a positive influence on salivary ferning, a result of optimal proportion of water, salts, and sialomucins. The first data collected relative to salivary ferning should lead to further research. The researchers consider observation of salivary ferning a new technique for determining the fertile period that can be supplemented by other known and experimental methods. This proposed method is safe, practicable, and economical.
This article was published in Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol
and referenced in Journal of Womens Health Care