alexa Salmonella-like bioadhesive nanoparticles.
Immunology

Immunology

Journal of Vaccines & Vaccination

Author(s): Salman HH, Gamazo C, Campanero MA, Irache JM

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Abstract The aim of this work was to evaluate the bioadhesive potential of a polymeric vector obtained by the association between Gantrez AN nanoparticles and flagella-enriched Salmonella enteritidis extract. Fluorescently labelled nanoparticles (SE-NP) were prepared, after incubation between the polymer and the extract, by a solvent displacement method and cross-linkage with 1,3-diaminopropane. SE-NP displayed a size close to 280 nm and the amount of associated bacterial extract was 18 mug/mg nanoparticle. Flagellin represents more than 80\% of the total proteins associated with SE-NP, which was identified by SDS-PAGE and confirmed by Western blotting. Concerning the bioadhesive properties, SE-NP shows an important tropism for the ileum. In fact, about 50\% of the given dose of SE-NP was found in this gut region for at least 3 h. Interestingly, the bioadhesive ability of SE-NP correlated well with the described colonisation profile for Salmonella enteritidis. This fact was corroborated by competitive tissue distribution studies. Thus, when SE-NP and Salmonella cells were administered together by the oral route, both the bacteria and the nanoparticles displayed a similar distribution within the intestinal mucosa. However, the ability of SE-NP to be taken up by Peyer's patches appeared to be negatively affected by the presence of the bacteria. Similarly, when SE-NP was administered 30 min before cells, SE-NP were found broadly distributed in Peyer's patches, whereas the bacteria were neither able to adhere to nor penetrate this lymphoid tissue. In summary, SE-NP demonstrated their Salmonella-like gut colonization, which can be a useful vector for oral targeting strategies. This article was published in J Control Release and referenced in Journal of Vaccines & Vaccination

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