Author(s): Li CI, Su PF, Shyr Y
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Abstract BACKGROUND: Sample size calculation is an important issue in the experimental design of biomedical research. For RNA-seq experiments, the sample size calculation method based on the Poisson model has been proposed; however, when there are biological replicates, RNA-seq data could exhibit variation significantly greater than the mean (i.e. over-dispersion). The Poisson model cannot appropriately model the over-dispersion, and in such cases, the negative binomial model has been used as a natural extension of the Poisson model. Because the field currently lacks a sample size calculation method based on the negative binomial model for assessing differential expression analysis of RNA-seq data, we propose a method to calculate the sample size. RESULTS: We propose a sample size calculation method based on the exact test for assessing differential expression analysis of RNA-seq data. CONCLUSIONS: The proposed sample size calculation method is straightforward and not computationally intensive. Simulation studies to evaluate the performance of the proposed sample size method are presented; the results indicate our method works well, with achievement of desired power.
This article was published in BMC Bioinformatics
and referenced in Journal of Biometrics & Biostatistics