Author(s): Ricchetti ET, Aurora A, Iannotti JP, Derwin KA
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Abstract Rotator cuff tears affect 40\% or more of those aged older than 60 years, and repair failure rates of 20\% to 70\% remain a significant clinical challenge. Hence, there is a need for repair strategies that can augment the repair by mechanically reinforcing it, while at the same time biologically enhancing the intrinsic healing potential of the tendon. Tissue engineering strategies to improve rotator cuff repair healing include the use of scaffolds, growth factors, and cell seeding, or a combination of these approaches. Currently, scaffolds derived from mammalian extracellular matrix, synthetic polymers, and a combination thereof, have been cleared by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and are marketed as medical devices for rotator cuff repair in humans. Despite the growing clinical use of scaffold devices for rotator cuff repair, there are numerous questions related to their indication, surgical application, safety, mechanism of action, and efficacy that remain to be clarified or addressed. This article reviews the current basic science and clinical understanding of commercially available synthetic and extracellular matrix scaffolds for rotator cuff repair. Our review will emphasize the host response and scaffold remodeling, mechanical and suture-retention properties, and preclinical and clinical studies on the use of these scaffolds for rotator cuff repair. We will discuss the implications of these data on the future directions for use of these scaffolds in tendon repair procedures. Copyright © 2012 Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery Board of Trustees. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
This article was published in J Shoulder Elbow Surg
and referenced in Journal of Bioengineering and Bioelectronics