alexa SCF(beta-TrCP1) controls Smad4 protein stability in pancreatic cancer cells.
Oncology

Oncology

Journal of Carcinogenesis & Mutagenesis

Author(s): Wan M, Huang J, Jhala NC, Tytler EM, Yang L,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Smad4, also known as deleted in pancreatic carcinoma locus 4 (DPC4), is a critical co-factor in signal transduction pathways activated by transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta-related ligands that regulate cell growth and differentiation. Mutations in Smad4/DPC4 have been identified in approximately 50\% of pancreatic adenocarcinomas. Here we report that SCF(beta-TrCP1), a ubiquitin (E3) ligase, is a critical determinant for Smad4 protein degradation in pancreatic cancer cells. We found that F-box protein beta-TrCP1 in this E3 ligase interacted with Smad4 and that SCF(beta-TrCP1) inhibited TGF-beta biological activity in pancreatic cancer cells by decreasing Smad4 stability. Very low Smad4 protein levels in human pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma cells were observed by immunohistochemistry. By analyzing pancreatic tumor-derived Smad4 mutants, we found that most point-mutated Smad4 proteins, except those within or very close to a mutation cluster region, exhibited higher interaction affinity with beta-TrCP1 and significantly elevated protein ubiquitination by SCF(beta-TrCP1). Furthermore, AsPC-1 and Caco-2, two cancer cell lines harboring Smad4 point mutations, exhibited rapid Smad4 protein degradation due to the effect of SCF(beta-TrCP1). Both Smad4 levels and TGF-beta signaling were elevated by retrovirus-delivered beta-TrCP1 siRNA in pancreatic cancer cells. Therefore, inhibition of Smad4-specific E3 ligase might be a target for therapeutic intervention in pancreatic cancer.
This article was published in Am J Pathol and referenced in Journal of Carcinogenesis & Mutagenesis

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords