Author(s): Lambertucci JR, Serufo JC, GerspacherLara R, Rayes AA, Teixeira R,
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Abstract The literature on the assessment of morbidity due to Schistosoma mansoni infection is updated. Imaging techniques such as ultrasonography, echodoppler cardiography, computerized tomography (CT scan) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) introduced a new perspective, and expanded our knowledge on morbidity. Three well-defined syndromes caused by schistosomiasis mansoni have been described: the stage of invasion, acute schistosomiasis (Katayama fever), and chronic schistosomiasis. Complications of the acute and chronic syndromes have also been reported: pulmonary hypertension, neuroschistosomiasis, association with Salmonella, association with Staphylococci, viral hepatitis B, glomerulonephritis. In most individuals with hepatosplenic schistosomiasis the spleen is increased in size. Hepatosplenic schistosomiasis can, however, occur without splenomegaly. The definition of hepatosplenic schistosomiasis in endemic areas as the finding of S. mansoni eggs in the stools in an individual with hepatosplenomegaly is not satisfactory anymore. Many aspects of morbidity are expected to change after schistosomiasis control. Some are expected to change quickly (worm burden, Salmonella bacteremia, hepatosplenic schistosomiasis in children) whereas others shall remain for years (pulmonary hypertension, glomerulonephritis, neuroschistosomiasis). Intestinal schistosomiasis in individuals with low worm burdens is very difficult to diagnose and therefore laborious to control.
This article was published in Acta Trop
and referenced in Chemotherapy: Open Access