alexa Sciatic nerve regeneration across gaps within silicone chambers: long-term effects of NGF and consideration of axonal branching.
Neurology

Neurology

International Journal of Neurorehabilitation

Author(s): Hollowell JP, Villadiego A, Rich KM

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Abstract We examined whether the short-term beneficial effects of nerve growth factor (NGF) upon regeneration are sustained over a prolonged period of time across 8-mm gaps within silicone chambers. Rat sciatic nerve regeneration both with and without NGF was examined after 10 weeks. Myelinated counts from the regenerated sciatic and distal tributary nerves were correlated to the numbers of motor and sensory neurons retrogradely labeled with horseradish peroxidase (HRP) applied distal to the regenerated segment. Regenerated sciatic and sural nerves were examined ultrastructurally for morphological analysis. Both regenerated groups by 10 weeks achieved essentially complete counts of myelinated axons in the distal tributary nerves and the regenerated segment of the sciatic nerve compared to the uninjured controls. There were similar numbers of retrogradely labeled sensory and motor neurons in the dorsal root ganglia (DRG) and lumbar spinal cord of both groups and, surprisingly, of the uninjured normal control group. Ultrastructural analysis demonstrated no difference in the distribution of axonal diameters or myelin thickness between the regenerated groups. In evaluating regeneration in experimental silicone chamber models, it is important to determine such parameters as the percentage of neurons that grow across the gap and the incidence of axonal sprouting. One can then make accurate assessments of experimental perturbations and predict whether they improve the naturally occurring regeneration through chambers. These results must ultimately be compared with equivalent determinations in the uninjured nerve. At 10 weeks there was essentially complete regeneration of both the NGF and control regenerative groups.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
This article was published in Exp Neurol and referenced in International Journal of Neurorehabilitation

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