Author(s): Cunningham RM, Resko SM, Harrison SR, Zimmerman M, Stanley R,
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Abstract OBJECTIVES: The objective was to describe the prevalence and correlates of past-year weapon involvement among adolescents seeking care in an inner-city emergency department (ED). METHODS: This cross-sectional study administered a computerized survey to all eligible adolescents (age 14-18 years), 7 days a week, who were seeking care over an 18-month period at an inner-city Level 1 ED. Validated measures were administered, including measures of demographics, sexual activity, substance use, injury, violent behavior, weapon carriage, and/or weapon use. Zero-inflated Poisson (ZIP) regression models were used to identify correlates of the occurrence and past-year frequency of these weapons variables. RESULTS: Adolescents (n = 2069, 86\% response rate) completed the computerized survey. Fifty-five percent were female; 56.5\% were African American. In the past year, 20\% of adolescents reported knife or razor carriage, 7\% reported gun carriage, and 6\% pulled a knife or gun on someone. Although gun carriage was more frequent among males, females were as likely to carry a knife or pull a weapon in the past year. CONCLUSIONS: One-fifth of all adolescents seeking care in this inner-city ED have carried a weapon. Understanding weapon carriage among teens seeking ED care is a critical first step to future ED-based injury prevention initiatives. (c) 2010 by the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine.
This article was published in Acad Emerg Med
and referenced in Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals