Author(s): Ramsawh HJ, Chavira DA, Kanegaye JT, AncoliIsrael S, Madati PJ,
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Abstract OBJECTIVES: Adolescence is a time of increasing risk for some anxiety disorders. Scant data exist on adolescent anxiety in emergency department (ED) settings. We sought to characterize select clinical characteristics and health care use associated with anxiety disorders in a pediatric ED. METHODS: We screened a convenience sample of 100 adolescent-parent dyads presenting to the ED for the presence of child anxiety disorders using the 5-item Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders, parent (SCARED-P) and child (SCARED-C) versions. Additional demographic and clinical data were also collected. RESULTS: The SCARED-P and SCARED-C screens identified probable anxiety disorder(s) in 26\% to 33\% of adolescent participants, respectively. Correlates of positive SCARED-C screens were female sex, asthma, presenting complaint involving headache or migraine, and school absenteeism due to physical problems. Correlates of positive SCARED-P screens were lower parental educational level, presenting complaint involving headache or migraine, and more medical specialty and total medical visits. Few anxious adolescents had received mental health services in the past 6 months. In multivariate models, female sex was independently associated with SCARED-C total score, and presenting complaint involving headache or migraine was independently associated with SCARED-P total score. CONCLUSIONS: The current pilot data suggest that anxiety disorders are more prevalent among adolescent ED patients than among the general population but largely untreated. Several demographic and clinical variables may help to identify occult anxiety disorders. Greater awareness of anxiety disorders in this population may assist in redirecting a pattern of low use of mental health services but higher overall health care use.
This article was published in Pediatr Emerg Care
and referenced in Journal of Child and Adolescent Behavior