alexa Screening for alcohol problems in the emergency room: a rapid alcohol problems screen.
Psychiatry

Psychiatry

Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

Author(s): Cherpitel CJ

Abstract Share this page

Abstract This paper compares the sensitivity and specificity of a five-item Rapid Alcohol Problems Screen (RAPS) optimized in this sample with the CAGE, brief MAST, AUDIT, TWEAK, History of Trauma Scale and breathalyzer reading against ICD-10 criteria for alcohol dependence or harmful drinking, by gender, ethnicity and injury status in a probability sample of emergency room patients (n = 1330) from the University of Mississippi Medical Center. The RAPS performed better than all other screening instruments for the total sample of current drinkers who reported ever having had three or more drinks at one time (sensitivity of 90\%, specificity of 78\%), and performed consistently better across all subgroups than any other single instrument, even at alternate cut points. The Rapid Alcohol Problems Screen may hold promise for use in clinical settings in identifying those who could benefit from a brief intervention or referral for problem drinking, particularly since the instrument is short and patients need not be asked additional questions after screening positive on one of the five items. Further research is necessary to analyze and compare the performance of the RAPS with other screening instruments across demographic subgroups in other emergency room and primary care settings.
This article was published in Drug Alcohol Depend and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords