alexa Screening of inhibitors using enzymes entrapped in sol-gel-derived materials.
Engineering

Engineering

Biosensors Journal

Author(s): Besanger TR, Chen Y, Deisingh AK, Hodgson R, Jin W,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract In recent years, a number of new methods have been reported that make use of immobilized enzymes either on microarrays or in bioaffinity columns for high-throughput screening of compound libraries. A key question that arises in such methods is whether immobilization may alter the intrinsic catalytic and inhibition constants of the enzyme. Herein, we examine how immobilization within sol-gel-derived materials affects the catalytic constant (kcat), Michaelis constant (KM), and inhibition constant (KI) of the clinically relevant enzymes Factor Xa, dihydrofolate reductase, cyclooxygenase-2, and gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase. These enzymes were encapsulated into sol-gel-derived glasses produced from either tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS) or the newly developed silica precursor diglyceryl silane (DGS). It was found that the catalytic efficiency and long-term stability of all enzymes were improved upon entrapment into DGS-derived materials relative to entrapment in TEOS-based glasses, likely owing to the liberation of the biocompatible reagent glycerol from DGS. The KM values of enzymes entrapped in DGS-derived materials were typically higher than those in solution, whereas upon entrapment, kcat values were generally lowered by a factor of 1.5-7 relative to the value in solution, indicating that substrate turnover was limited by partitioning effects or diffusion through the silica matrix. Nonetheless, the apparent KI value for the entrapped enzyme was in most cases within error of the value in solution, and even in the worst case, the values differed by no more than a factor of 3. The implications of these findings for high-throughput screening are discussed.
This article was published in Anal Chem and referenced in Biosensors Journal

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

OMICS International Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version