Author(s): Jia Z, Mei L, Lin F, Huang S, Killion RB
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Abstract A rapid screening assay for the determination of octanol-water partition coefficients (log P(OW)) of pharmaceuticals was developed by using pressure-assisted microemulsion electrokinetic chromatography (MEEKC). The microemulsion system contains 50 mM sodium dodecyl sulfate, 0.87 M l-butanol, 82 mM heptane, and 50 mM borate-phosphate (2:3) at pH 10. Ten standard compounds with known log P(OW) values from -0.26 to 4.88 were used for constructing the calibration curve of log P(OW) against the MEEKC retention factor, log k. The log P(OW) values of the compounds were calculated based on the log k values measured by MEEKC and the slope and intercept of the calibration curve. For 13 literature and 32 Roche compounds, about 90\% of the log P(OW) values measured by MEEKC are within 0.5 log units of the values from the literature and potentiometric titration. The throughput is about 2 samples/h using +20 kV voltage plus 5 mbar air pressure for separation. This MEEKC method is applicable for log P(OW) screening of weakly basic, weakly acidic, and neutral pharmaceuticals with log P(OW) = 0-5 and pKa < or = 10.
This article was published in J Chromatogr A
and referenced in Journal of Clinical Toxicology