Author(s): Magiorkinis E, Beloukas A, Diamantis A
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Abstract This study outlines the major landmarks in the research on scurvy and its relationship to vitamin C. A thorough search including original manuscripts, books and contemporary reviews published in PubMed was conducted using as keywords "scurvy", "vitamin C", and "history of medicine". Observations on scurvy first appear in Egyptian medical scrolls 3500 years ago, and continue through to the discovery of vitamin C and the modern research on the physiological role of ascorbic acid. The observations of great navigators during the 15th and 16th centuries, when scurvy plagued ships' crews, played an important role in clarifying scurvy's etiology. Among the personalities in the history of the disease, James Lind and Albert Szent-Györgyi are most noteworthy, the first for conducting the first clinical trial on the treatment of scurvy with lemon and orange juices, and the second for discovering and identifying vitamin C. Copyright © 2010 European Federation of Internal Medicine. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Eur J Intern Med
and referenced in Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy