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Abstract 35 cases of secondary glaucoma due to congenital syphilitic interstitial keratitis have been surveyed. In four cases which had no opacities in the cornea, but with positive serologic reaction for syphilis, the characteristic goniscopical features such as peripheral anterior synechia, pigment deposits in the trabeculum, and irregularity of iris configuration as observed commonly in cases with inactive congenital interstitial syphilitic keratitis, were found. In the clinical course and goniscopical findings, they were divided into two types: one was the angle closure type with acute glaucomatous attack, and the other the wide open angle type with insidious course of the disease. The prognosis of this secondary glaucoma was very poor, although medical therapy was taken for the wide open angle type, and surgical therapy for the angle closure type. In the present study, the importance of gonioscopical examination, and careful attention to avoid the ufention to avoid the further formation of peripheral anterior synechia in the surgical procedure, was stressed for secondary glaucoma with congenital interstitial syphilitic keratitis.
This article was published in Ophthalmologica
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology