Author(s): Boff T, SchifinoWittmann MT, Boff T, SchifinoWittmann MT
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Abstract In this paper we report meiotic behaviour in 28 accessions of the tetraploid (2n = 4x = 104 or 112) Leucaena confertiflora, L. diversifolia, L. involucrata, L. leucocephala, L. x spontanea and the diploid (2n = 2x = 52 or 56) L. shannonii and L. macrophylla. We compare and discuss our data with that on literature about polyploidy in the genus. Despite the general predominance of bivalent formation, quadrivalents and other associations were found in all the taxa analysed. In the diploid species. multiple associations were found in up to 62\% of the cells in L. shannonii and 97.6\% in L. macrophylla. In the tetraploid taxa irregularities such as univalents, trivalents and other multivalents were observed in varying proportions, up to 55\% in L. involucrata. Mean meiotic indexes per accession in the diploids and tetraploids were over or near 90\%, but pollen fertility varied from 54.2\% to 87.3\%. The rather frequent presence of quadrivalents in the diploid species supports a paleopolyploid origin. For the tetraploid taxa, the presence of quadrivalents reflect chromosomal homology due to polyploid origin. Even if an autotetraploid origin cannot be ruled out by cytological data alone, considering other existing evidence, it is probable that L. confertiflora, L. pallida, L. leucocephala and L. involucrata are segmental allopolyploids. However, an autopolyploid origin for L. diversifolia cannot be ruled out nor cytologically nor by other existing data.
This article was published in Hereditas
and referenced in Transcriptomics: Open Access