alexa Segmental arterial mediolysis with accompanying venous angiopathy: a clinical pathologic review, report of 3 new cases, and comments on the role of endothelin-1 in its pathogenesis.
Microbiology

Microbiology

Journal of Microbial & Biochemical Technology

Author(s): Slavin RE, Inada K

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The authors review 20 cases of segmental arterial mediolysis (SAM) including 3 newly reported cases. SAM developed in areas of vascular distention in 2 of the latter cases: 1 in utero in the heart of a recipient of a twin transfusion syndrome and the other in the jejunum secondary to partial venous obstruction. In the third case, it occurred in a patient with Raynaud disease. Characterizing SAM are injurious and reparative lesions that occur in the media and/or at the adventitial medial junction. Four distinctive alterations are recognized: (1) mediolysis, (2) a tearing separation of the outer media from adventitia, (3) arterial gaps, and (4) a florid reparative response that replaces zones of mediolysis and fills areas of medial adventitial separation. The repair can transform SAM into lesions indistinguishable from common types of fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD.) A venous angiopathy involving large and medium-sized veins accompanies SAM. It features medial muscle vacuolar change with lysis leading to apparent separation of residual muscle bundles. Immunostaining shows endothelin-1 (ET-1) decorating adventitial capillaries in SAM and neighboring arteries, in capillaries of adjoining tissues, and outlining smooth muscle cell membranes in adjacent veins including those of the venous angiopathy. The significance of these changes is uncertain. Vasospasm is believed to cause SAM, but ET-1 is not the direct pressor agent responsible for this condition. The reason(s) for synthesis and release of ET-1 in SAM are still hypothetical, but local perturbations in vascular tone may be an important factor. ET-1 may be indirectly play a role in SAM by cross-talking and potentiating the activities of other vasoconstrictors such as norepinephrine and by orchestrating its reparative phase. This article was published in Int J Surg Pathol and referenced in Journal of Microbial & Biochemical Technology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords