alexa Seladin-1 as a target of estrogen receptor activation in the brain: a new gene for a rather old story?
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Steroids & Hormonal Science

Author(s): Peri A, Danza G, Serio M

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Abstract Experimental evidence indicates that estrogen exerts neuroprotective effects. According to the fact that Alzheimer's disease (AD) is more common in post-menopausal women, estrogen treatment has been proposed. However, the beneficial effect of estrogen or selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs) in preventing or treating AD is a controversial issue, which will be summarized in this review. Recently, a novel gene, named selective AD indicator-1 (seladin-1), has been isolated and found to be down-regulated in brain regions affected by AD. Seladin-1, which is considered the human homolog of the plant protein DIMINUTO/DWARF1, confers protection against beta-amyloid-mediated toxicity and from oxidative stress and is an effective inhibitor of caspase 3 activity, a key mediator of apoptosis. This review will present the up-to-date findings regarding seladin-1 and DIMINUTO/DWARF1. In addition, the possibility that seladin-1 may be a downstream effector of estrogen receptor activation in the brain, based on our recent experimental findings using a human fetal neuronal model, will be addressed.
This article was published in J Endocrinol Invest and referenced in Journal of Steroids & Hormonal Science

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