Author(s): Hayashi T, Faustman DL
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Abstract Recent results in an animal model of autoimmune diabetes, the nonobese diabetic (NOD) mouse, suggest a hypothesis to explain the role of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) in autoimmunity. The genome MHC region contains immune response genes that are important for T cell education and antigen presentation by MHC molecules. Two such genes encoding the LMP2 and LMP7 proteasome subunits are located in this high-risk MHC genomic region. Proteasome containing the LMP2 subunit is essential for T cell education and proteolytically activates transcription factor nuclear factor-kappaB. Splenocytes of NOD mouse with marked female specificity for disease expression are defective in LMP2 expression. The spontaneous defective LMP2 expression in NOD mice, which is gender biased toward female cohorts, is restricted to select lymphoid and myeloid cells and is developmentally controlled with lowered LMP2 protein and heightened tumor necrosis factor-alpha-induced apoptosis. These defects are apparent only after approximately 7 wk of age. These data suggest a proteasome role in autoimmune progression, and a gender developmental and lineage restriction of LMP2 expression may contribute to the diverse autoimmune characteristics preferentially observed in female NOD mice.
This article was published in J Appl Physiol (1985)
and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism