Author(s): Matsui M, Kiyozumi Y, Yamamoto T, Mizushina Y, Mizukami F,
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Abstract Zeolites adsorb biopolymers on their surface and may be suitable as a new type of chromatographic carrier material for proteins, nucleic acids, and their conjugates. We report here various parameters that influence the adsorption of biopolymers on synthesized zeolites with regard to the Si/Al2 ratio and three-dimensional structure. There are three physicochemical principles that may underly the adsorption: 1) below the isoelectric point (pI), mainly Coulombic attraction similar to ion-exchange chromatography; 2) at pI, hydrophobic interactions (a kind of van der Waals attraction) plus the three-dimensional mesopore structure; and 3) above pI, the sum of the Coulombic repulsion and attraction forces, such as the hydrophobic interaction, and also substitution reaction of water on the Al molecule with a protein amino-base. At high Si/Al2 ratio in the presence of a small amount of Al and with mesopores between the zeolite particles, maximal adsorption was seen at pI and was suggested to be dependent on the number of hydrophobic interaction points on the mesopores, and their morphology. The application of zeolites to biochemistry and biotechnology is also discussed.
This article was published in Chemistry
and referenced in Chemical Sciences Journal