Author(s): Mordasini R, Frey F, Flury W, Klose G, Greten H
To investigate the pathogenesis of hypertriglyceridemia in patients with renal disease we measured plasma lipoprotein composition as well as hepatic triglyceride lipase and lipoprotein lipase in post-heparin plasma. Three groups with renal disease were studied: conservatively treated chronic uremia; patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis; and renal-allograft recipients. A selective decrease of hepatic triglyceride lipase with normal lipoprotein lipase was found in conservatively treated uremia and in patients undergoing hemodialysis. Elevated levels of very-low-density lipoproteins and increased triglycerides in low-density lipoproteins occurred in these patients. In contrast, hepatic triglyceride lipase and lipoprotein lipase were both normal in patients after renal transplantation who had Type II hyperlipoproteinemia as a common lipoprotein pattern with increased low-density-lipoprotein cholesterol and decreased high-density-lipoprotein cholesterol concentrations. The accumulation of a triglyceride-rich low-density lipoprotein in the majority of patients with renal disease may be the consequence of low hepatic triglyceride lipase.
Journal of Clinical Research & Bioethics