Author(s): Agerkvist I, Eriksson L, Enfors SO
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Abstract The flocculation of cell debris from a beta-galactosidase constitutive E. coli with chitosan as a flocculant was studied to investigate the possibility of obtaining a selective flocculation in cell disintegrates with high product recoveries. The flocculation removed 98\% of the cell debris by 30 min sedimentation under gravity, which should be compared to a separation of the cell debris without flocculation of only 70\% by centrifugation at 15,000 g. Optimal flocculation dosages varied between 12 and 43 mg chitosan g-1 dry weight of cells, depending on pH. The yield of the product beta-galactosidase reached 60\% at optimal pH. Hydrolysis of the nucleic acids by DNAase and RNAase decreased the optimal flocculation dosages considerably. The study showed that the flocculation is somewhat selective, since chitosan also removed 85\% of the nucleic acids and 50\% of the proteins, which contributed to the purification of the protein solution.
This article was published in Enzyme Microb Technol
and referenced in Journal of Biotechnology & Biomaterials