alexa Selective induction of transforming growth factor beta in human monocytes by lipoarabinomannan of Mycobacterium tuberculosis.


Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Author(s): Dahl KE, Shiratsuchi H, Hamilton BD, Ellner JJ, Toossi Z

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The induction of macrophage-deactivating (interleukin-10 [IL-10] and transforming growth factor beta [TGF-beta] and macrophage-activating (IL-1, IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor alpha [TNF-alpha] cytokines by lipoarabinomannan (LAM) from pathogenic Mycobacterium tuberculosis Erdman and H37Rv strains (ManLAM) and nonpathogenic mycobacteria (AraLAM) in human blood monocytes was examined. ManLAM was significantly less potent in induction of TNF-alpha, IL-1, IL-6, and IL-10 protein and mRNA, whereas its ability to induce TGF-beta was similar to that of AraLAM. Differences in induction of TNF-alpha mRNA by the two LAM preparations only became apparent at late time points of culture (24 h). The induction of TNF-alpha and IL-1 by purified protein derivative of M. tuberculosis was significantly stronger than that by ManLAM. Pretreatment of monocytes with ManLAM did not, however, interfere with cytokine induction by lipopolysaccharide or AraLAM. The extensive mannosyl capping of arabinose termini of ManLAM may underlie the lack of ability to induce some cytokines (IL-1, TNF-alpha, and IL-10) and the retained ability to induce TGF-beta. The latter may have a role in shifting the cytokine milieu in favor of survival of M. tuberculosis.
This article was published in Infect Immun and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version