Author(s): Huang J, Bridges LC, White JM
Abstract Share this page
Abstract A disintegrin and a metalloprotease (ADAM) family members have been implicated in many biological processes. Although it is recognized that recombinant ADAM disintegrin domains can interact with integrins, little is known about ADAM-integrin interactions in cellular context. Here, we tested whether ADAMs can selectively regulate integrin-mediated cell migration. ADAMs were expressed in Chinese hamster ovary cells that express defined integrins (alpha4beta1, alpha5beta1, or both), and cell migration on full-length fibronectin or on its alpha4beta1 or alpha5beta1 binding fragments was studied. We found that ADAMs inhibit integrin-mediated cell migration in patterns dictated by the integrin binding profiles of their isolated disintegrin domains. ADAM12 inhibited cell migration mediated by the alpha4beta1 but not the alpha5beta1 integrin. ADAM17 had the reciprocal effect; it inhibited alpha5beta1- but not alpha4beta1-mediated cell migration. ADAM19 and ADAM33 inhibited migration mediated by both alpha4beta1 and alpha5beta1 integrins. A point mutation in the ADAM12 disintegrin loop partially reduced the inhibitory effect of ADAM12 on cell migration on the alpha4beta1 binding fragment of fibronectin, whereas mutations that block metalloprotease activity had no effect. Our results indicate that distinct ADAMs can modulate cell migration mediated by specific integrins in a pattern dictated, at least in part, by their disintegrin domains.
This article was published in Mol Biol Cell
and referenced in Journal of Clinical Toxicology