Author(s): Unger JP, Killingsworth JR
Abstract Share this page
Abstract In the aftermath of the Alma Ata conference, three types of Primary Health Care (PHC), have been identified. Comprehensive PHC (CPHC) and Basic PHC (BPHC) both have a wide scope of activities, BPHC however does not include water and sanitation activities. Only one year after the Alma Ata conference, CPHC was attacked as not 'feasible' and selective PHC (SPHC) was offered as an interim alternative. SPHC only addresses 5 to 8 diseases, almost all of them falling within the realm of pediatrics. Our article critically analyses the methods and results of SPHC. It contrasts the lack of supportive data for SPHC and its methodological deficiencies with the extent of its adoption by bilateral cooperation agencies, foundations, academic and research institutions, and international agencies. We suggest that rather than health factors, the major determinants of this adoption have been political and economical constraints acting upon decision makers exposed to a similar training in public health.
This article was published in Soc Sci Med
and referenced in Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals