alexa Selective recognition of glutathiolated aldehydes by aldose reductase.
Biomedical Sciences

Biomedical Sciences

Journal of Biomolecular Research & Therapeutics

Author(s): Ramana KV, Dixit BL, Srivastava S, Balendiran GK, Srivastava SK,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract In this study, the selectivity and specificity of aldose reductase (AR) for glutathionyl aldehydes was examined. Relative to free aldehydes, AR was a more efficient catalyst for the reduction of glutathiolated aldehydes. Reduction of glutathionyl propanal [gammaGlu-Cys(propanal)-Gly] was more efficient than that of Gly-Cys(propanal)-Gly and gamma-aminobutyric acid-Cys(propanal)-Gly suggesting a possible interaction between alpha-carboxyl of the conjugate and AR. Two active site residues, Trp20 or Ser302, were identified by molecular modeling as potential sites of this interaction. Mutations containing tryptophan-to-phenylalanine (W20F) and serine-to-alanine (S302A) substitutions did not significantly affect reduction of free aldehydes but decreased the catalytic efficiency of AR for glutathiolated aldehydes. Combined mutations indicate that both Trp20 and Ser302 are required for efficient catalysis of the conjugates. The decrease in efficiency due to W20F mutation with glutathionyl propanal was not observed with gamma-aminobutyric-Cys(propanal)-Gly or Gly-Cys-(propanal)-Gly, indicating that Trp20 is involved in binding the alpha-carboxyl of the conjugate. The effect of the S302A mutation was less severe when gammaGlu-Cys(propanal)-Glu rather than glutathionyl propanal was used as the substrate, consistent with an interaction between Ser302 and Gly-3 of the conjugate. These observations suggest that glutathiolation facilitates aldehyde reduction by AR and enhances the range of aldehydes available to the enzyme. Because the N-terminal carboxylate is unique to glutathione, binding of the conjugate with the alpha-carboxyl facing the bottom of the alpha/beta-barrel may assist in the exclusion of unrelated peptides and proteins.
This article was published in Biochemistry and referenced in Journal of Biomolecular Research & Therapeutics

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords