Author(s): Swanson CA, Longnecker MP, Veillon C, Howe M, Levander OA,
Abstract Share this page
Abstract Duplicate meals, serum, whole blood, and toenails were collected every 3 mo for 1 y from a group of 44 free-living adults residing in high-selenium areas of South Dakota and Wyoming to assess the relation of selenium intake to indices of selenium status. The average selenium values for the group were as follows: dietary intake, 174 +/- 91 micrograms/d (mean +/- SD), 2.33 +/- 1.08 micrograms/kg body wt; serum, 2.10 +/- 0.38 mumol/L; whole blood, 3.22 +/- 0.79 mumol/L; and toenails, 15.2 +/- 3.0 nmol/g. Selenium intake (micrograms/kg body wt) was strongly correlated (all values, P less than 0.01) with selenium concentration of serum (r = 0.63), whole blood (r = 0.62), and toenails (r = 0.59). Men and women had similar mean values of serum, whole blood, and toenail selenium despite higher selenium intakes in men. Smokers had lower tissue selenium concentrations than did nonsmokers due, at least in part, to lower selenium intake. Age was not associated with tissue selenium content. Of the variables examined selenium intake was clearly the strongest predictor of tissue selenium concentration.
This article was published in Am J Clin Nutr
and referenced in Journal of Nutrition & Food Sciences